DUBROVNIK & DUBROVNIK REGION
- general informations
Dubrovnik is situated in Southern Dalmatia, the most beautiful
part of the Adriatic coast. Rich vegetation, beautiful lakes, rare
islands, white pebble beaches and the crystal clean sea, all make
this region to an unforgettable experience for every visitor.
DUBROVNIK, lies at the foot of the limestone Srd Mount (412 m),
in a valley enclosed to the south-west by the Lapad plateau and
a smaller reef with the oldest part of Dubrovnik.
The ancient town core was connected with the suburban zone on the
other side of the valley by levelling and filling up of a marshy
valley between the Gruz Bay in the north and Stari Porto (Old Port)
in the south, as well as by the construction of the Placa (Stradun).
Stradun thus became the centre
of the town and its main street, connecting two opposite town gates:
the Ploce Gate in the east and the Pile Gate in the west. Upon the
construction of the port in the Gruz Bay, Gruz was gradually annexed
to Dubrovnik and became an integral part of the town.
Later on, Dubrovnik extended also to the Lapad peninsula, to lower
parts of the Srd slopes and outside the town ramparts toward Zupa.
The climate of Dubrovnik is characterized
by warm and dry summers and mild winters.
The average air temperature in the coldest month (February) is 4.6
ˇăC and in the warmest month (August) 26.2 ˇăC.
The cold half of the year accounts for 68 % of the total annual
rainfall; the spring accounts for 29, the summer for 14, the autumn
for 26 and the winter for 37 rainy days out of the total number
of 105 rainy days.
Snow occurs extremely rarely; with 2,554 hours of sunshine a year,
Dubrovnik ranks among the sunniest towns of southern Europe. In
July it has 12.4 hours of sunshine a day, like Alexandria in Egypt.
The vegetation is subtropical and extremely luxuriant (olives, almonds,
citrus fruit, rosemary, laurel, holm oak, pine, stone pine, cypress).
Southeast of the old part of the town is a tourist zone called Ploce
(hotels and beaches), west of it is Lapad (sports facilities, hotels,
beaches, walking trails), while northwest of it is the Gruz port
Economy is based on tourism and seafaring. The town has a number
of cultural and educational institutions: the Nautical College,
the Tourist College, the University Centre for Postgraduate Studies
of the University of Zagreb, the Institute of History of the Croatian
Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Dubrovnik Summer Festival and
Dubrovnik - the city of a unique political
and cultural history (the Dubrovnik Republic, the Statute
from 1272), of world-famous cultural heritage and beauty (inscribed
on the List of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO) - is one of the most
attractive and famous cities of the Mediterranean. Apart from its
outstanding natural beauties and well-preserved cul-tural and historical
heritage, Dubrovnik also offers high-quality visitor opportunities.
It is also the city of hotels, of high ecological standards and
tourist programs, and is equally attractive in all seasons. Its
geographical isolation is compensated by high traffic and communication
standards - especially through air traffic and fast hydrofoil boats.
Dubrovnik offers individual choice among numerous museums and galleries,
which contain the jewels of Croatian heritage.